Non-gilled/non gasteroid hymenomycetes | MYCO-LICH

Non-gilled/non gasteroid hymenomycetes

Checklist of non-gilled/non gasteroid hymenomycetes (Agaricomycotina) of Iran

 

Masoomeh Ghobad-Nejhad1*, Nils Hallenberg2

 

1Botanical Museum, Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 7, 00014, Helsinki, Finland *ghobadnejhad@myco-lich.com

2Dept. of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Gothenburg University, Box 461, 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden

 

Introduction | Material and methods | Citation | Doubtful records | Excluded taxa | Remarks

Abstract — This list includes 389 species of corticioid, poroid (polypores), hydnoid, clavarioid, cantharelloid, thelephoroid, cyphelloid, and heterobasidiomycetes of Iran, with their synonym(s), distribution data, and substrata data. Almost all of the species are supported by at least one preserved specimen. The list has been compiled mainly based on material collected by us, but also verified reports and literature. Sixteen species are reported for the first time from the country, and 111 species are added to the last comprehensive account of aphyllophoroids of North Iran by Hallenberg 1981 (Mycotaxon 12: 473–502). The occurrence in Iran of six species is regarded as doubtful, while 12 species are excluded from Iranian mycota. The permanent repository for continuous updates is made available via Myco-Lich website, and future new records for the country will be published online. Users can learn about the last changes to the checklist via subscription to a feed (RSS). The link to the checklist is http://www.myco-lich.com/mycology-of-iran/basidiomycota/caucasus-region/....

Key words — Aphyllophoroids, Arasbaran, Hyrcanian forests, Iranian mycota, wood-inhabiting basidiomycetes, Zagros

Introduction

The non-gilled/non-gasteroid hymenomycetes (ca. aphyllophoroid fungi) are a form group of Agaricomycotina (sensu Hibbett et al. 2007) many of which formerly attributed to the order ‘Aphyllophorales’, an ordinal name which however is no longer in use (Kirk et al. 2008). Their hymenophore configuration is diverse, with the main types being corticioid, poroid, hydnoid, clavarioid, cantharelloid, and thelephoroid. Because many of them depend on wood for nutrition or physical support, ‘wood-inhabiting basidiomycetes’ (or simply wood-fungi) is another term frequently applied to these fungi. Following tradition, and because of many similarities in their ecology, these fungi are usually considered as a practical group by many mycologists, despite that they have been split up systematically.

The first descriptive accounts of aphyllophoroids of Iran were published by Saber (1972, 1974). Following his mycological inventories in Gilan, Golestan and Mazandaran provinces in northern Iran, Hallenberg (1981) summarized the available knowledge on wood-fungi for Iran, which still serves as the most comprehensive reference on Iranian aphyllophoroids.

Since 1981, besides several new records for the country, a number of individual papers by Iranian mycologists elaborated on various wood-fungi species (e.g., Saber 1987, Hoshino et al. 2007, Moradali et al. 2007, Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai 2007, Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai 2010, Ghobad-Nejhad & Kotiranta 2008, Ghobad-Nejhad 2011a). While two subsequent checklists for the Caucasus region (Ghobad-Nejhad et al. 2009, Ghobad-Nejhad 2011b) included a full account of corticioid and poroid fungi of northern Iran, an independent list for the country was delayed for a later scrutiny. Almost all of the available treatments have focused on the northern forest stripe of Iran, mostly in Gilan, Golestan and Mazandaran provinces which harbour the majority of forest cover of the country. Still, the forests (e.g. Arasbaran) and woodlands/open forests in the northwest-west Iran received little or no attention. Recent collections made from these areas, from coniferous wood, and from other provinces have never been summarized. Therefore, a list covering the whole country was essential.

The present checklist is available online at Myco-Lich website which is aimed to provide a permanent repository for unlimited updates, with no unnecessary delay, and making the data available to all mycologists. Our new records for the country will be published online as e-records, after being approved by the specialists, and the users will be able to learn about the last changes to the checklist via a feed reader subscription (see the RSS subscription link at the website). The checklist is downloadable in PDF format for offline use. Previous editions are archived yearly and will be made available for download as PDF.

We would highly appreciate receiving comments and notifications from mycologists, curators of herbaria containing indet. Iranian material, and authors of publications treating Iranian specimens. Please send your comments to the corresponding author's address.

Material and methods

 

The following list includes species of corticioid, poroid (polypores), hydnoid, clavarioid, cantharelloid, thelephoroid, cyphelloid, and heterobasidiomycetes of Iran. The list was compiled based on material collected by MG during 2000–2008 and NH in 2008 (at Ghobad-Nejhad ref. coll. and GB respectively, many of which duplicated at IRAN), some earlier reports verified from H, IRAN, GB and BR, few indet. specimens collected by Probst (at GB) as well as literature. All of the species are supported by at least one preserved specimen (many of them collected or verified by us), except for 15 species for which no voucher could be located, marked with an exclamation mark (!). Microscopy routine is as described by Ghobad-Nejhad (2011a). During field work, isolates of several species were obtained and deposited at Fungal Culture Collection of University of Gothenburg (FCUG) which is now closed and the Iranian isolates are now deposited in IRAN culture collection (see the list of isolates by Hallenberg 2011).

In the following list, accepted fungal species names and nomenclature generally agree with the public databases Cortbase (http://andromeda.botany.gu.se/cortbase.html) and MycoBank (www.mycobank.org), and spelling of plant names follows IPNI (www.ipni.org). Accepted fungal names are in bold italic, followed by synonyms in italic (those synonyms which were used in the literature treating the species in Iran). New records for the country are marked with an asterisk (*). Species not listed by Hallenberg (1981) are marked with a plus sign (+). The provincial distribution data is a synopsis of published records and examined specimens. For this list, 684 unpublished specimens mainly collected by the authors were included and these were the source for substrata data given for the species. When listing the substrata, MG and NH refer to Masoomeh Ghobad-Nejhad and Nils Hallenberg collection numbers, respectively, to avoid repeating the last names of the collectors. If several collections made from the same type of substrata, the total number of collections and the family name of the collector come after a hash (#). The literature references mentioned for each species are principally the publications made after 1981, except if not summarized before. The citation to Hallenberg (1981) and literature references summarized therein [Rabenhorst (1871), Rostrup (1908), Petrak (1940, 1949), Khabiri (1958), Saber (1972, 1974), Steyaert (1972), Fallahyan (1973), Watling & Sweeney (1974), Soleimani (1976), Hallenberg (1978, 1979, 1980), Niemelä & Uotila (1977), Probst (1977)] are not repeated here except in a few cases. Doubtful and excluded records are listed in the end.

Descriptions and illustrations for many of the accepted species can be sought for in Bernicchia & Gorjón (2010) and Mycobank.

Citation

Please cite this checklist as:

Ghobad-Nejhad M, Hallenberg N. 201X. Checklist of non-gilled/non gasteroid Hymenomycetes (Agaricomycotina) of Iran. Mycotaxon xx: xx (abstract) + xx pp at http://www.myco-lich.com/mycology-of-iran/basidiomycota/caucasus-region/.... D/M/Y

 

 

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Abortiporus biennis (Bull.) Singer

Heteroporus biennis (Bull.) Lázaro Ibiza

Sporotrichopsis terrestris (Schulzer) Stalpers

Distribution—Alborz, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran, Tehran.

[Soleimani (1974: 25), Saber (1987: 77, 2000a: 374), Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 143)]

 

Abortiporus fractipes (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Gilb. & Ryvarden

Heteroporus fractipes (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) O. Fidalgo

Distribution—Gilan.

 

+ Acanthophysellum cerussatum (Bres.) Parmasto

Acanthophysellum minor (Pilát) Sheng H. Wu, Boidin & C.Y. Chien

Aleurodiscus cerussatus (Bres.) Höhn. & Litsch.

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan.

Substrata—Standing (NH 16155) and fallen branches and twigs of Juniperus excelsa (MG 1046, 1052), dead, still attached branches and twigs of Lycium (MG 1095) and Punica granatum (MG 1093), fallen hardwood branch (MG 1094).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 272)]

Note—Spore sizes in part of the Iranian collections fit ‘A. minor’. They are all kept here under A. cerussatum until further study.

 

+ Aleurobotrys botryosus (Burt) Boidin, Lanq. & Gilles

Distribution—Gilan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 125)]

 

Amaurodon viridis (Alb. & Schwein.) J. Schröt.

Tomentella chlorina (Massee) G. Cunn.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

+ Amylosporus campbellii (Berk.) Ryvarden

Distribution—Khuzestan.

[Saber & Minassian (1998: 285)]

 

+ Amylostereum laevigatum (Fr.) Boidin

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

Substrata—Basal part of weak Taxus baccata tree (MG 1209, 1210).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 273)]

 

Amyloxenasma allantosporum (Oberv.) Hjortstam & Ryvarden

Xenasmatella allantospora Oberw.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Amyloxenasma grisellum (Bourdot) Hjortstam & Ryvarden

Xenasmatella grisella (Bourdot) Oberw.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 126)]

 

Antrodia albida (Fr.) Donk

Distribution—Golestan.

 

* Antrodia malicola (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Donk

Iran: Mazandaran, Chalus, alt. 160 m, on dead wood, 14.VIII.1970, Probst P045 (GB-0013704).

 

* Antrodiella ichnusana Bernicchia, Renvall & Arras

Iran: East Azerbaijan Prov., Kaleibar, 4 km from the road of Khoda-Afarin to Jolfa, Kalale, Research Station of Natural Resources Center, alt. 1180 m, on log of cf. Populus, used for fences round the building, 6.X.2006, Ghobad-Nejhad 487. Det. W. Spirin.

 

Antrodiella semisupina (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Ryvarden

Antrodia semisupina (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Ryvarden

Distribution—Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen Acer stem (within the same envelope as Probst P056).

 

+ Aphanobasidium filicinum (Bourdot) Jülich

Distribution—Gilan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 126)]

 

Athelia arachnoidea (Berk.) Jülich

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 285)]

 

Athelia decipiens (Höhn. & Litsch.) J. Erikss.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan.

Substrata—Fallen, corticated hardwood branches (MG 817).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 126)]

 

Athelia epiphylla Pers.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood branch (MG 1145), fallen log of Juniperus excelsa (MG 354).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 126)]

 

Auricularia auricula-judae (Bull.) J. Schröt.

Hirneola auricula-judae (Bull.) Berk.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Mazandaran.

[Soleimani (1974: 19), Saber (2000a: 374), Borhani et al. (2010: 155)]

 

Auricularia mesenterica (Dicks.) Pers.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead standing tree of Fagus orientalis (NH 16019), fallen log of Prunus armeniaca (MG 1235).

[Saber (2000a: 374), Borhani et al. (2010: 155)]

 

Auriculariopsis ampla (Lév.) Maire

Distribution—Golestan.


Basidiodendron cinereum (Bres.) Luck-Allen

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

Basidiodendron deminutum (Bourdot) Luck-Allen

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Basidiodendron eyrei (Wakef.) Luck-Allen

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

Bjerkandera adusta (Willd.) P. Karst.

Leptoporus adustus (Willd.) Quél.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran, Tehran, West Azerbaijan.

Substrata—Dead stump and wood of Acer, Juglans regia, Platanus orientalis, Populus, Pterocarya fraxinifolia, and Quercus (# 10 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad), hardwood branch (MG 995).

[Khabiri (1968: 138), Saber (1987: 75, 2002b: 286), Saber & Esmaeili Taheri (2004: 464)]

 

Bjerkandera fumosa (Pers.) P. Karst.

Distribution—Gilan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Carpinus (Probst P015).

 

Botryobasidium aureum Parmasto

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Botryobasidium candicans J. Erikss.

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Botryobasidium conspersum J. Erikss.

Haplotrichum conspersum (Link) Hol.-Jech.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Saber (1987: 93)]

 

Botryobasidium curtisii Hallenb.

Haplotrichum curtisii (Berk.) Hol.-Jech.

Oidium curtisii (Berk.) Linder

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—On fallen hardwood branches and trunks (# 5 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad, all conidial state only).

[Saber (1987: 93, 2002b: 286)]

 

Botryobasidium grandinioides Hallenb.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Langer (1994: 148)]

 

Botryobasidium laeve (J. Erikss.) Parmasto

Distribution—Gilan.

 

Botryobasidium obtusisporum J. Erikss.

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Botryobasidium subcoronatum (Höhn. & Litsch.) Donk

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan.

Substrata—Brown-rotten stump (NH 16092, 16093).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 127)]

 

Botryobasidium vagum (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) D.P. Rogers

B. botryosum (Bres.) J. Erikss.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

Botryohypochnus isabellinus (Fr.) J. Erikss.

Botryobasidium isabellinum (Fr.) D.P. Rogers

Distribution—Gilan.

Substrata—Corticated coarse woody debris of deciduous tree (MG 780), fallen trunk of planted Pinus (MG 928, 936).

 

Bourdotia galzinii (Bres.) Trotter

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood branch (MG 1010, 1011) and coarse woody debris (MG 785, 937).

 

Brevicellicium olivascens (Bres.) K.H. Larss. & Hjortstam

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Byssomerulius corium (Pers.) Parmasto

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Khuzestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood branches and twigs (# 6 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad; NH 16084), bark, branches and root of cf. Ulmus (MG 329), fallen log and branch of Carpinus betulus (MG 443, 1199), fallen branch of Quercus (MG 1150).


 

Calocera cornea (Batsch) Fr.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Borhani et al. (2010: 155)]

 

! Calocera viscosa (Pers.) Fr.

Distribution—‘forests of northern Iran’.

[Fallahyan (1973: 244)]

 

Candelabrochaete septocystidia (Burt) Burds.

Phanerochaete septocystidia (Burt) J. Erikss. & Ryvarden

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 127)]

 

! Cantharellus aurantiacus (Wulfen) Fr.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Khabiri (1968: 136)]

 

+ Cantharellus cibarius Fr.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Saber (1987: 75), Borhani et al. (2010: 155)]

 

! Cantharellus cinereus Pers.

Distribution—‘forests of northern Iran’.

[Fallahyan (1973: 244)]

 

! Cantharellus tubaeformis Fr.

Distribution—‘forests of northern Iran’.

[Fallahyan (1973: 244)]

 

Ceraceomyces borealis (Romell) J. Erikss. & Ryvarden

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Ceraceomyces serpens (Tode) Ginns

Ceraceomerulius serpens (Tode) Ginns

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Litter under Sambucus nigra (MG 866), fallen branch (NH 16196).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 286)]

 

Ceratobasidium cornigerum (Bourdot) D.P. Rogers

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Ceriporia alachuana (Murrill) Hallenb.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Ceriporia excelsa (S. Lundell) Parmasto

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

Ceriporia purpurea (Fr.) Donk

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood twig (MG 987).

 

Ceriporia reticulata (Hoffm.) Domański

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

Ceriporia viridans (Berk. & Broome) Donk

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood log (MG 334).

 

+ Ceriporiopsis aneirina (Sommerf.) Domański

Tyromyces aneirinus (Sommerf.) Bondartsev & Singer

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen twig of Carpinus betulus (MG 415).

[Saber (1987: 88)]

 

Ceriporiopsis gilvescens (Bers.) Domański

Tyromyces gilvescens (Bres.) Ryvarden

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Coarse woody debris of deciduous tree (MG 797, 803).

 

Cerrena unicolor (Bull.) Murrill

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Stump (NH 16018) and collar of living Fagus orientalis (MG 809) and Acer campestre (MG 94); coarse woody debris of deciduous tree (MG 1055, 1233); dead standing Quercus macranthera (MG 1169); dead stump and branch of Fraxinus excelsior (MG 762); fallen (MG 97, 136) and dead, still attached branches and twigs of Carpinus betulus (# 6 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad).

[Saber (1987: 76, 2000a: 374)]

 

Chondrostereum purpureum (Pers.) Pouzar

Stereum purpureum Pers.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran, Tehran.

Substrata—Cut surface of Alnus glutinosa coarse woody debris (MG 50), fallen branch (NH 16109).

 

Cinereomyces lindbladii (Berk.) Jülich

Antrodia lindbladii (Berk.) Ryvarden

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

+ Cinereomyces vulgaris (Fr.) Spirin

Skeletocutis vulgaris (Fr.) Niemelä & Y.C. Dai

Distribution—Gilan, Mazandaran.

[Niemelä & Dai (1997: 135)]

 

+ Clavaria vermiculata Scop.

Distribution—Gilan, Mazandaran.

[Saber (1987: 67), Borhani et al. (2010: 155)]

 

+ Clavariadelphus pistillaris (L.) Donk

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Saber (1987: 68), Borhani et al. (2010: 155)]

 

+ Clavicorona pyxidata (Pers.) Doty

Distribution—Gilan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Hardwood coarse woody debris (MG 815), fallen branch of Fagus orientalis (NH 16023).

[Borhani et al. (2010: 155)]

 

+ Clavulina cinerea (Bull.) J. Schröt.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Saber (1987: 68, 2002a: 285), Asef & Tavanaii (2004: 473), Borhani et al. (2010: 155)]

 

+ Clavulina cristata (Holmsk.) J. Schröt.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Borhani et al. (2010: 155)]

 

+ Clavulina rugosa (Bull.) J. Schröt.

Distribution—Gilan.

[Saber (2002a: 285)]

 

+ Clavulinopsis fusiformis (Sowerby) Corner

Distribution—Golestan.

[Saber (2002a: 285)]

 

* Colacogloea peniophorae (Bourdot & Galzin) Oberw. & Bandoni

Iran: East Azerbaijan Prov., W Kaleibar, 22 km from Kaleibar, Makidi valley, alt. 1400 m, with Peniophorella praetermissa, on fallen twig of Quercus macranthera, 2cm in diam., 3.X.2006, Ghobad-Nejhad 414A.

 

Conferticium ochraceum (Fr.) Hallenb.

C. insidiosum (Bourdot & Galzin) Hallenb.

Corticium ochraceum (Fr.) Fr.

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Coniophora puteana (Schumach.) P. Karst.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—On coarse woody debris of a deciduous tree (MG 940, 943), fallen log (NH 16108).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 128)]

 

Coriolopsis floccosa (Jungh.) Ryvarden

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Corticium roseum Pers.

Laeticorticium roseum (Pers.) Donk

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Attached twig of Quercus macranthera (MG 497), corticated hardwood branches (MG 708), fallen branch (NH 16053).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 287)]

 

+ Craterellus cornucopioides (L.) Pers.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Saber (1987: 73)]

 

Cristinia helvetica (Pers.) Parmasto

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen branch of Cornus mas (MG 336).

 

Crustomyces expallens (Bres.) Hjortstam

Cystostereum stratosum Hallenb.

Distribution—Gilan.

 

Crustomyces heteromorphus (Hallenb.) Hjortstam

Cystostereum heteromorphum Hallenb.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

Crustomyces subabruptus (Bourdot & Galzin) Jülich

Cystostereum subabruptum (Bourdot & Galzin) J. Erikss. & Ryvarden

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

+ Cyanotrama rimosa (Murrill) Ghobad-Nejhad

Diplomitoporus rimosus (Murrill) Gilb. & Ryvarden

Distribution—Ardabil, Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2010: 1511)]

 

+ Cylindrobasidium eucalypti (M. Dueñas & Tellería) Tellería & Melo

Distribution—Gilan.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood branches and twigs (MG 867, 889, 896), litter under Sambucus nigra (MG 865).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 128)]

 

Cylindrobasidium laeve (Pers.) Chamuris

Cylindrobasidium evolvens (Fr.) Jülich

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood twigs (MG 984) and branch (NH 16067).

 

+ Cylindrobasidium torrendii (Bres.) Hjortstam

Distribution—Gilan.

Substrata—Fallen twigs of Pterocarya fraxinifolia (MG 874), fallen indet. branch (NH 16033).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 129)]

 

Dacrymyces minor Peck

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Dacryobolus sudans (Alb. & Schwein.) Fr.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Daedalea quercina (L.) Pers.

Trametes quercina (L.) Pilát

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Timber wood (MG 913B), trunk of Prunus sp. (MG 98).

[Khabiri (1968: 138)]

 

Daedaleopsis confragosa (Bolton) J. Schröt.

Trametes rubescens (Alb. & Schwein.) Fr.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Bark of living Quercus (MG 516), hardwood braches (MG 38, 972), trunk and branches of Carpinus betulus (MG 101, 106).

[Khabiri (1968: 138)]

 

+ Daedaleopsis tricolor (Bull.) Bondartsev & Singer

D. confragosa var. tricolor (Bull.) Bondartsev & Singer

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan.

Substrata—Branches of Quercus (MG 105, 122), fallen hardwood branches and twigs (MG 485, 655, 1013).

[Saber (1987: 76)]

 

* Datronia mollis (Sommerf.) Donk

Iran: Khuzestan Prov., Ahvaz, Bahonar, on construction wood, 18.V.2008, Ghobad-Nejhad 11245.

 

Datronia stereoides (Fr.) Ryvarden

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

+ Dendrocorticium polygonioides (P. Karst.) M.J. Larsen & Gilb.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 274)]

 

Dendrophora albobadia (Schwein.) Chamuris

Lopharia heterospora (Burt) D.A. Reid

Distribution—Fars.

 

Dendrothele acerina (Pers.) P.A. Lemke

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan.

Substrata—Branch, bark and roots of living Acer campestre (MG 716, 1204, 1205).

 

+ Dichomitus campestris (Quél.) Domański & Orlicz

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood branch (MG 1155), living Carpinus betulus tree (MG 468), trunk, dead attached branch, and fallen twig of Quercus (MG 86, 390, 499).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 146)]

 

Donkia pulcherrima (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Pilát

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Soleimani (1974: 21), Saber (2000a: 374)]

+ Erythricium atropatanum Ghobad-Nejhad & Hallenb.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad & Hallenberg (2011a: 64)]

 

Exidia glandulosa (Bull.) Fr.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Soleimani (1974: 22), Saber (2000a: 374)]

 

Exidia thuretiana (Lév.) Fr.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

* Exidiopsis effusa (Bref. ex Sacc.) A. Møller

Iran: Ardabil Prov., 10 km to S Khalkhal, Andabil. alt. 2132 m, on a fallen branch, 6.V.2008, Hallenberg 16145, 16147. Gilan Prov., Asalem, 10 km from Asalem to Khalkhal, alt. 390–410 m, on a fallen branch, 5.V.2008, Hallenberg 16136, 16138.

 

Exidiopsis molybdea (McGuire) Ervin

Distribution—Golestan.

Fibricium subceraceum (Hallenb.) Bernicchia

Fibrodontia subceracea Hallenb.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan.

 

Fibrodontia gossypina Parmasto

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead part of standing Ulmus glabra (MG 996B); rotten, standing hardwood stump (MG 974), fallen branch (NH 16065).

 

Fistulina hepatica (Schaeff.) With.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Khabiri (1968: 138), Saber (1987: 95, 2000a: 374)]

 

Fomes fomentarius (L.) J.J. Kickx

Ungulina fomentaria (L.) Pat.

Distribution—Alborz, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Isfahan, Kermanshah, Mazandaran, Tehran.

Substrata—Fallen trunk of cf. Alnus (MG 60), root of Fagus orientalis (MG 669).

[Khabiri (1968: 138), Saber (1987: 77, 2000a: 374, 2002b: 286), Borhani et al. (2010: 155)]

 

! Fomitiporia robusta (P. Karst.) Fiasson & Niemelä

Phellinus robustus (P. Karst.) Bourdot & Galzin

Distribution—“Caspian forests”.

[Soleimani (1974: 30, 1976: 78)]

 

Fomitiporia punctata (P. Karst.) Murrill

Phellinus punctatus (Fr.) Pilát

Distribution—Golestan, Isfahan, Mazandaran.

[Nematolahi et al. (2004: 492), Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 206)]

 

+ Fomitiporia rosmarini (Bernicchia) Ghobad-Nejhad & Y.C. Dai

Distribution—Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad.

[Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 207)]

 

+ Fomitopsis iberica Melo & Ryvarden

Pilatoporus ibericus (Melo & Ryvarden) Kotl. & Pouzar

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Vampola (1996: 87), Spirin et al. (2006: 78)]

 

Fomitopsis pinicola (Sw.) P. Karst.

Ungulina marginata (Fr.) Pat.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Living Pterocarya fraxinifolia tree (MG 57).

[Khabiri (1968: 138)]

 

+ Fomitopsis spraguei (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Gilb. & Ryvarden

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 148)]

 

Funalia gallica (Fr.) Bondartsev & Singer

Coriolopsis gallica (Fr.) Ryvarden

Trametes hispida Bagl.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran.

[Khabiri (1968: 138), Saber (1987: 76, 2000a: 374, 2002b: 286)]

 

Funalia trogii (Berk.) Bondartsev & Singer

Trametes trogii Berk.

Distribution—Alborz, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Gilan, Golestan, Hamadan, Khuzestan, Lorestan, Mazandaran, Tehran, West Azerbaijan.

Substrata—Construction wood (MG 34).

[Saber (1987: 88, 2000a: 374, 2002b: 286)]

 

Fuscoporia contigua (Pers.) G. Cunn.

Phellinus contiguus (Pers.) Pat.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead hardwood (MG 963).

[Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 207)]

 

Fuscoporia ferruginosa (Schrad.) Murrill

Phellinus ferruginosus (Schrad.) Pat.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Hardwood coarse woody debris (MG 808), fallen rotten hardwood trunk (MG 639).

[Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 208)]

 

+ Fuscoporia senex (Nees & Mont.) Ghobad-Nejhad

Distribution—Golestan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 208)]

 

Fuscoporia torulosa (Pers.) T. Wagner & M. Fisch.

Phellinus torulosus (Pers.) Bourdot & Galzin

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Collar and root of living Juniperus excelsa (MG 362, 372, 1043, 1047), collar of cf. Quercus macranthera stump (MG 1175).

[Kotlaba (1975: 14), Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 209)]

Galzinia incrustans Parmasto

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Galzinia longibasidia Hallenb.

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Ganoderma applanatum (Pers.) Pat.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Khuzestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Bark of Pinus (MG 69), fallen trunk of Acer (MG 690).

[Khabiri (1968: 138), Steyaert (1975: descr. no. 443), Saber & Minassian (2000: 379), Borhani et al. (2010: 155)]

 

Ganoderma australe (Fr.) Pat.

G. adspersum (Schulzer) Donk

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Saber (2002b: 286), Saber & Minassian (2000: 379), Saber & Esmaeili Taheri (2004: 464)]

 

* Ganoderma kosteri Steyaert

Iran: Mazandaran Prov., Kotra, Shahsavar, on Carpinus betulus, 21.VIII.1971, Ershad & Izadyar (BR5020160929060); Sutak, Khoramabad, Shahsavar, on Parrotia persica, 22.VIII.1971, Ershad & Izadyar s.n. (BR5020166694481).

 

Ganoderma lucidum (Curtis) P. Karst.

Polyporus lucidus (Curtis) Fr.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Emerging from soil but attached deeply to a plant root (MG 58), fallen trunk (NH 16125).

[Buhse (1860: 245), Khabiri (1968: 138), Saber (1987: 89), Saber & Minassian (2000: 379), Borhani et al. (2010: 155)]

 

Ganoderma manoutchehrii Steyaert

Distribution—Mazandaran.

Substrata—Alnus subcordata (Probst P053).

 

Ganoderma resinaceum Boud.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Saber (1987: 89), Saber & Minassian (2000: 379), Steyaert (1980: 174)]

 

+ Ganoderma tsugae Murrill

Distribution—Gilan.

[Saber & Minassian (2000: 379)]

 

Gelatoporia pannocincta (Romell) Niemelä

Gloeoporus pannocinctus (Romell) J. Erikss.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

+ Gloeocystidiellum clavuligerum (Höhn. & Litsch.) Nakasone

Distribution—Gilan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 129)]

 

Gloeocystidiellum porosum (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Donk

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood branches and twigs (MG 925, 1187, NH 16015).

 

Gloeodontia columbiensis Burt ex Burds. & Lombard

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Gloeophyllum sepiarium (Wulfen) P. Karst.

Distribution—Gilan, Mazandaran.

[Soleimani (1974: 24), Saber (2002b: 286)]

 

+ Gloeophyllum trabeum (Pers.) Murrill

Distribution—Gilan.

Substrata—Fallen corticated log of deciduous tree (MG 881), fallen Acer stem (Probst P056).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et. al. (2009: 150), Asef (2009: 245)]

 

Gloeoporus dichrous (Fr.) Bres.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Gloiothele lactescens (Berk.) Hjortstam

Gloeocystidiellum lactescens (Berk.) Boidin

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead rotten indet. wood (MG 623, 630), dead standing stump of Populus (MG 758), fallen trunks of Diospyros (MG 624, 628) and Fagus orientalis (MG 671), rotten root of Acer (MG 688), dead stump of Populus (MG 758).

 

! Grifola frondosa (Dicks.) Gray

Polyporus intybaceus Fr.

Distribution—Gilan, Mazandaran.

[Khabiri (1968: 137)]

Hapalopilus rutilans (Pers.) P. Karst.

H. nidulans (Fr.) P. Karst.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Saber (2000a: 374)]

 

Helicogloea lagerheimii Pat.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Henningsomyces candidus (Pers.) Kuntze

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

+ Hericium cirrhatum (Pers.) Nikol.

Creolophus cirrhatus (Pers.) P. Karst.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran

[Saber (2002b: 285), Borhani et al. (2010: 155)]

 

Hericium coralloides (Scop.) Pers.

Dryodon coralloides (Scop.) P. Karst.

Distribution—Gilan, Mazandaran.

[Khabiri (1968: 137), Soleimani (1974: 22)]

 

+ Hericium erinaceus (Bull.) Pers.

Distribution—Gilan

[Saber (1987: 97)]

 

! Heterobasidion annosum (Fr.) Bref.

Distribution—Alborz.

 

Heterochaete spinulosa (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) D.A. Reid

Eichleriella spinulosa (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Burt

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Hydnellum peckii Banker

Distribution—Gilan.

[Asef (2008: 115)]

 

! Hydnum repandum L.

Distribution—‘forests of northern Iran’.

[Fallahyan (1973: 244)]

 

Hymenochaete cinnamomea (Pers.) Bres.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Hymenochaete corrugata (Fr.) Lév.

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Hymenochaete rubiginosa (Dicks.) Lév.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 130)]

 

Hymenochaete tabacina (Sowerby) Lév.

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Hyphoderma argillaceum (Bres.) Donk

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 130)]

 

Hyphoderma cremeoalbum (Höhn. & Litsch.) Jülich

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Mazandaran.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 130)]

 

+ Hyphoderma litschaueri (Burt) J. Erikss. & Å. Strid

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 275)]

 

Hyphoderma mutatum (Peck) Donk

Distribution—Golestan.

 

+ Hyphoderma nemorale K.H. Larss.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

Substrata—Hanging (MG 1203) and fallen (MG 1125, 1147) hardwood branches.

[Larsson (1998: 123), Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 287)]

 

Hyphoderma roseocremeum (Bres.) Donk

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen branch (NH 16217).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 131)]

 

Hyphoderma setigerum (Fr.) Donk

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood twig (MG 340), branch (NH 16153) and log (NH 16012).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 131)]

 

+ Hyphoderma subclavigerum K.H. Larss. & Hjortstam

Distribution—Ardabil.

[Ghobad-Nejhad (2011b: 27)]

 

Hyphoderma transiens (Bres.) Parmasto

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood twigs (MG 899, 900, 901).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 131)]

 

Hyphodermella corrugata (Fr.) J. Erikss. & Ryvarden

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan.

Substrata—Dead, still attached branch of Jasminum (MG 1115), fallen hardwood twig (MG 513), fallen twig of Lycium (MG 1079), fallen branch of Paliurus spina-christi (MG 1100, 1109), stump of cf. Ulmus (MG 330).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 131)]

 

+ Hyphodontia alutaria (Burt) J. Erikss.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

Substrata—Root of living Salix (MG 751).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 131)]

 

Hyphodontia arguta (Fr.) J. Erikss.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood branch (MG 422) and log (NH 16010).

 

Hyphodontia crustosa (Pers.) J. Erikss.

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Bark of living Cornus mas (MG 1207), fallen branch of Cornus mas (MG 1220), dead, still attached branch of Quercus macranthera (MG 1035), fallen twig of Carpinus betulus (MG 431), fallen hardwood branches and twigs (MG 132, 920, 1016, 1309, 1320, 1321, 1324, 1345, 1196).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 131)]

 

+ Hyphodontia erastii Saaren. & Kotir.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 276)]

 

Hyphodontia flavipora (Berk. & M.A. Curtis ex Cooke) Sheng H. Wu

Poria pseudoobducens Pilát ex Pilát

Schizopora carneolutea (Rodway & Cleland) Kotl. & Pouzar

S. flavipora (Berk. & M.A. Curtis ex Cooke) Ryvarden

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead stump of Pterocarya fraxinifolia (MG 857), fallen hardwood branches and logs (# 9 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad), fallen Fagus orientalis wood (MG 705, 848), fallen log of Alnus glutinosa (MG 952); fallen stem of Carpinus orientalis (Probst P239).

[Saber (1987: 86, 2000a: 374), Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 132)]

 

Hyphodontia juniperi (Bourdot & Galzin) J. Erikss. & Hjortstam

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

Hyphodontia nespori (Bres.) J. Erikss. & Hjortstam

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Hyphodontia paradoxa (Schrad.) Langer & Vesterh.

Schizopora paradoxa (Schrad.) Donk

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood branch (MG 1212, 1143, 1153, 1185, 1305A), living Carpinus betulus branch (MG 838, 1188).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 132)]

 

Hyphodontia quercina (Pers.) J. Erikss.

[incl. H. quercina f. coralloides Hallenb.]

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen twig and branch of Carpinus betulus (MG 341, 419), fallen hardwood branch (MG 342, 1028, 1302), hardwood coarse woody debris (MG 997).

 

+ Hyphodontia radula (Pers.) Langer & Vesterh.

Schizopora radula (Pers.) Hallenb.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Coarse woody debris of Cornus mas (MG 1195), fallen hardwood log, branch and twig (MG 347, 481, 837, 1310), fallen Pinus cone (MG 1341), fallen log of Taxus baccata (NH 16232), underside a fallen trunk (MG 653).

[Saber (1987: 86)]

 

Hyphodontia sambuci (Pers.) J. Erikss.

Hyphoderma sambuci (Pers.) Jülich

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Khuzestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Bark of living Salix (MG 1073), branch of Sambucus (NH 16048), fallen hardwood twigs and wood (MG 873, 1112), living tree of Ziziphus spina-christi (MG 613).

 

Hyphodontia spathulata (Schrad.) Parmasto

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Hyphodontia subalutacea (P. Karst.) J. Erikss.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Mazandaran.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 287)]

 

Hypochniciellum ovoideum (Jülich) Hjortstam & Ryvarden

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Hypochnicium polonense (Bres.) Å. Strid

Distribution—Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen, decorticated branch of hardwood (MG 812).

 

Hypochnicium wakefieldiae (Bres.) J. Erikss.

H. caucasicum Parmasto

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

Inocutis levis (P. Karst.) Y.C. Dai

Inonotus pseudohispidus Kravtzev

Distribution—Alborz, Isfahan, Kerman, Khuzestan, Sistan and Baluchestan, Tehran.

[Soleimani (1974: 26), Saber (2000a: 374), Saber & Esmaeili Taheri (2004: 464), Ghobad-Nejhad & Kotiranta (2008: 468)]

+ Inocutis rheades (Pers.) Fiasson & Niemelä

Inonotus rheades (Pers.) P. Karst.

Distribution—Hormozgan, Khuzestan.

[Pegler & Saber (1998: 283), Saber & Dadkhahipour (2000: 375), Ghobad-Nejhad & Kotiranta (2008: 468)]

 

+ Inocutis tamaricis (Pat.) Fiasson & Niemelä

Inonotus tamaricis (Pat.) Maire

Distribution—Khuzestan.

[Saber (2000a: 374), Ghobad-Nejhad & Kotiranta (2008: 469)]

 

Inonotus cuticularis (Bull.) P. Karst.

Distribution—Alborz, East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Mazandaran.                                                                              

[Saber (1987: 90, 2000a: 374), Soleimani (1974: 25), Ghobad-Nejhad & Kotiranta (2008: 471)]

 

! Inonotus dryadeus (Pers.) Murrill

Polyporus dryadeus (Pers.) Fr.

Distribution—Golestan.

[Buhse (1860: 245), Ghobad-Nejhad & Kotiranta (2008: 471)]

 

Inonotus hispidus (Bull.) P. Karst.

Xanthochrous hispidus (Bull.) Pat.

Distribution—Alborz, Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Khuzestan, Qazvin, Tehran.

Substrata—Bark of living Fraxinus excelsior (MG 763, 764), bark of living Morus alba (MG 771, 1231), fallen hardwood (MG 772, 1139).

[Khabiri (1968: 138), Saber (1987: 90, 2000a: 374), Asef & Tavanaii (2004: 473), Ghobad-Nejhad & Kotiranta (2008: 471)]

 

Inonotus nidus-pici Pilát

Distribution—Golestan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad & Kotiranta (2008: 472)]

 

! Inonotus obliquus (Pers.) Pilát

Poria obliqua (Ach. ex Pers.) P. Karst.

Distribution—“Caspian forests”

[Khabiri (1968: 137), Soleimani (1976: 78)]

 

+ Inonotus plorans (Pat.) Bondartsev & Singer

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad & Kotiranta (2008: 473)]

 

! Intextomyces contiguus (P. Karst.) J. Erikss. & Ryvarden

Corticium crustaceum (P. Karst.) Höhn. & Litsch.

Distribution—Gilan.

[Khabiri (1968: 137)]

 

Irpex lacteus (Fr.) Fr.

Irpex tulipiferae (Schwein.) Schwein.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Living or dead wood of different hardwood tree species viz. Amygdalus, Gleditsia caspica, Populus, Quercus macranthera, Tilia cordata (# 18 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad); Acer (Probst P154).

+ Junghuhnia lacera (P. Karst.) Niemelä & Kinnunen

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 152)]

 

Junghuhnia nitida (Pers.) Ryvarden

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood branches (MG 502, 1156).

[Saber (1987: 77), Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 152)]

Laetiporus sulphureus (Bull.) Murrill

Polyporus sulphureus (Bull.) Fr.

Distribution—Alborz, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Kermanshah, Mazandaran, Tehran.

Substrata—Bark of living Populus (MG 621).

[Khabiri (1968: 137), Saber (1987: 77, 2000a: 374)]

 

Laxitextum bicolor (Pers.) Lentz

Distribution—Ardabil, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 133)]

 

Lenzites betulinus (L.) Fr.

L. ‘betulina’ (L.) Fr.

L. variegata (Fr.) Fr.

Distribution—Gilan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Construction wood (MG 913A).

[Buhse (1860: 244), Khabiri (1968: 138), Saber (1987: 78)]

 

Lenzites warnieri Durieu & Mont.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan.

Substrata—Fallen branch (NH 16198).

[Saber (1987: 78)]

 

Leptosporomyces septentrionalis (J. Erikss.) Krieglst.

Fibulomyces septentrionalis (J. Erikss.) Jülich

Distribution—Golestan.

+ Marchandiomyces aurantiacus (Lasch) Diederich & Etayo

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

[Sohrabi & Alstrup (2007: 6)]

 

* Megalocystidium leucoxanthum (Bres.) Jülich

Iran: East Azerbaijan Prov., Khoda-Afarin, Kalaleh-Eslami, Darana, on fallen hardwood branch, 10.V.2008, Ghobad-Nejhad 1135.

 

+ Megalocystidium luridum (Bres.) Jülich

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

Substrata—Hardwood (MG 1191), fallen branch (NH 16199).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 277)]

 

Melanoporia nigra (Berk.) Murrill

Nigroporus niger (Berk.) Ryvarden

Distribution—Golestan.

 

+ Melzericium bourdotii Jülich

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 279)]

 

+ Mensularia nodulosa (Fr.) T. Wagner & M. Fisch.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Ghobad-Nejhad & Kotiranta (2008: 473)]

 

Meripilus giganteus (Pers.) P. Karst.

Polyporus giganteus (Pers.) Fr.

Distribution—Gilan, Mazandaran.

[Khabiri (1968: 137), Borhani et al. (2010: 156)]

 

* Merismodes ochracea (Hoffm.) D.A. Reid

Iran: East Azerbaijan Prov., Kaleibar, 4 km from the road of Khoda-Afarin to Jolfa, Kalale, alt. 1200 m, on fallen hardwood twig, 11.V.2008, Ghobad-Nejhad 1183.

 

Mucronella calva (Alb. & Schwein.) Fr.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

+ Multiclavula delicata (Fr.) R.H. Petersen

Lentaria delicata (Fr.) Corner

Distribution—Golestan.

[Saber (2002a: 285)]

Oligoporus hibernicus (Berk. & Broome) Gilb. & Ryvarden

Tyromyces hibernicus (Berk. & Broome) Ryvarden

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 152)]

 

+ Oligoporus simanii (Pilát) Bernicchia

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Renvall (2005: 98)]

 

Oliveonia fibrillosa (Burt) Donk

Oliveonia subfibrillosa Hallenb.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Peniophora cinerea (Pers.) Cooke

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Bark of dead standing Acer monspessulanum tree (MG 320), dead, still attached twig of Zelkova carpinifolia (MG 968A), fallen branch of Quercus (MG 307) and Pterocarya fraxinifolia (NH 16045), fallen decorticated branch of Cornus mas (MG 477), fallen corticated twig of Parrotia persica (MG 658), fallen hardwood branches and twigs (MG 388, 864, 961, 1306).

Note—Most of the examined Iranian material have well-developed, brown basal layer. This was also noted by Hallenberg (1981).

 

Peniophora incarnata (Pers.) P. Karst.

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead, still attached branch and twig of Cornus mas (MG 1129), dead standing hardwood log (MG 352), fallen hardwood branches and twigs (# 9 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad), dead standing stump of Carpinus betulus (MG 457), fallen (MG 1131B) and still attached (MG 1034) twig of Quercus macranthera, fallen log of Populus (MG 1239).

 

Peniophora laeta (Fr.) Donk

Peniophora pseudonuda Hallenb.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen branches and twigs of Carpinus betulus (MG 76, 124, 717, 832) and fallen branch of Fagus orientalis (NH 16022), fallen hardwood branches and twigs (# 5 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad), hanging hardwood branch (MG 811, 1314).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 281, 2009: 135), Hallenberg et al. (2010: 159)]

 

Peniophora lilacea Bourdot & Galzin

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan.

Substrata—Dead, still attached twig of Zelkova carpinifolia (MG 968).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 134)]

 

* Peniophora limitata (Chaillet ex Fr.) Cooke

Iran: Gilan Prov., Asalem, 18 km from Asalem to Khalkhal, alt. 1000 m, on fallen hardwood twig, 5.V.2008, Ghobad-Nejhad 994. Golestan Prov., Gorgan, after Alang-Darreh, at the beggining of Nahar-Khoran road, alt. 500 m, on hanging twigs of Parrotia persica, 20.V.2008, Ghobad-Nejhad 1327, and on fallen hardwood twig, Ghobad-Nejhad 1326.

 

Peniophora lycii (Pers.) Höhn. & Litsch.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen or dead still attached branches and twigs of different hardwood trees viz. Carpinus betulus, Cornus mas, Lonicera, Lycium, Paliurus spina-christi, Parrotia persica, Prunus, Quercus macranthera (# 32 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad).

[Saber (2002b: 286)]

 

* Peniophora meridionalis Boidin

Iran: East Azerbaijan Prov., Kaleibar, 18 km SW Jananloo, Tatar, alt. 580 m, on dead, still attached branch and twig of Paliurus spina-christi, 9.V.2008, Ghobad-Nejhad 1116.

 

Peniophora nuda (Fr.) Bres.

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Golestan.

Substrata—Fallen decorticated branch of Juniperus excelsa (MG 2123) and Paliurus spina-christi (MG 1082, 1084, 1078), fallen hardwood twig (MG 1017, 1118) and log (MG 1234), fallen twig of Quercus macranthera (MG 1131A).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 288)]

 

Peniophora proxima Bres.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan.

 

+ Peniophora pseudoversicolor Boidin

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 135)]

 

Peniophora quercina (Pers.) Cooke

[incl. P. quercina f. phlebioides Hallenb.]

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen twig (MG 407) dead, still attached twig (MG 1159) and bark of living Quercus (MG 326), fallen hardwood branches and twigs (# 7 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad).

 

* Peniophora tamaricicola Boidin & Malençon

Iran: Khuzestan, Behbehan, Salmane-Farsi forest park of Natural Resources Research Center, on dead standing stump of Robinia pseudoacacia, 2.XI.2007, Ghobad-Nejhad 614.

 

Peniophora violaceolivida (Sommerf.) Massee

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead, still attached branch of Punica granatum (MG 1093A).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 289)]

 

Peniophorella echinocystis (J. Erikss. & Å. Strid) K.H. Larss.

Hyphoderma echinocystis J. Erikss. & Å. Strid

Distribution—Gilan.

 

Peniophorella pallida (Bres.) K.H. Larss.

Hyphoderma pallidum (Bres.) Donk

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Peniophorella praetermissa (P. Karst.) K.H. Larss.

Hyphoderma praetermissum (P. Karst.) J. Erikss. & Å. Strid

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Khuzestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead logs, stumps, branches and twigs of different hardwood tree species e.g. Carpinus betulus, Eucalyptus, Gleditsia caspica, Populus, Prunus armeniaca, Quercus spp. (# 17 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad).

 

Peniophorella pubera (Fr.) P. Karst.

Hyphoderma puberum (Fr.) Wallr.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Heavily brown-rotten wood (MG 691), fallen branch (NH 16212).

 

Perenniporia fraxinea (Bull.) Ryvarden

Distribution—Gilan, Mazandaran.

[Saber (1987: 78), Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 153)]

 

Perenniporia medulla-panis (Jacq.) Donk

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Indet. wood (Probst P066).

 

Perenniporia narymica (Pilát) Pouzar

P. elongata Domański

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Phanerochaete aculeata Hallenb.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood twig (MG 965).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 136)]

 

Phanerochaete chrysosporium Burds.

Ph. macrocystidiata Hallenb.

Distribution—Golestan.

[Burdsall (1985: 61)]

 

Phanerochaete magnoliae (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Burds.

Ph. raduloides J. Erikss. & Ryvarden

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Burdsall (1985: 95)]

 

Phanerochaete martelliana (Bres.) J. Erikss. & Ryvarden

Distribution—Golestan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 136)]

 

Phanerochaete sordida (P. Karst.) J. Erikss. & Ryvarden

Peniophora cremea (Bres.) Sacc. & Syd.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead logs, stumps, branches and twigs of different hardwood tree species (# 14 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad).

 

Phanerochaete subquercina (Henn.) Hjortstam

Ph. radulans Hallenb.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan.

[Burdsall (1985: 103)]

 

Phanerochaete tuberculata (P. Karst.) Parmasto

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan.

Substrata—Bark of living Fagus orientalis (MG 841), fallen branches and twigs of Quercus spp. and indet. hardwood trees (# 12 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad), fallen twigs of Sambucus nigra (MG 871).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 136)]

 

Phanerochaete velutina (DC.) P. Karst.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen branch of Quercus macranthera (MG 412), fallen hardwood branch and twig (MG 484, 1005), white-rotten wood (NH 16189).

 

+ Phellinus allardii (Bres.) S. Ahmad

Distribution—Hormozgan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 210)]

 

+ Phellinus baumii Pilát s. lat.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan.

Substrata—Living or dead Lonicera spp. shrubs (MG 100, 135, 1152, 1157).

[Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 210)]

Note—See discussion concerning this species by Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007) and Ghobad-Nejhad (2011b).

 

Phellinus igniarius (L.) Quél. s.l.

Ochroporus igniarius (L.) J. Schröt.

Polyporus igniarius (L.) Fr.

Distribution—Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Kermanshah, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead log of Fagus orientalis (MG 698).

[Buhse (1860: 245), Saber (1987: 91), Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 212)]

 

Phellinus tuberculosus (Baumg.) Niemelä

P. pomaceus (Pers.) Maire

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead part of living Quercus macranthera (MG 1163), dead or living stem, stump, and branch of Prunus spp. (MG 75, 82, 437, 611, 756, 829, 1232), living Fraxinus excelsior (MG 996A), stump of Amygdalus (MG 602), trunk of Mespilus germanica (MG 927), fallen log of Crataegus (NH 16086).

[Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 212)]

 

+ Phlebia acerina Peck

Distribution—Golestan.

[Nakasone & Sytsma (1993: 999)]

 

Phlebia albida H. Post

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen branch of Quercus (MG 313), fallen hardwood branch (MG 998), fallen twig of cf. Punica granatum (MG 1092) and Quercus macranthera (MG 1131C), fallen branch of Paliurus spina-christi (MG 1086).

[Nakasone (1996: 769), Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 136)]

 

Phlebia aurea (Fr.) Nakasone

Mycoacia aurea (Fr.) J. Erikss. & Ryvarden

Distribution—Gilan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Coarse woody debris of deciduous tree (MG 813, 814).

 

+ Phlebia badia (Pat.) Nakasone

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Nakasone (2002: 478)]

 

Phlebia caspica Hallenb.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 137)]

 

Phlebia centrifuga P. Karst.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

+ Phlebia lilascens (Bourdot) J. Erikss. & Hjortstam

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 137)]

 

* Phlebia margaritae Duhem & H. Michel

Iran: East Azerbaijan Prov., Kaleibar, 18 km SW Jananloo, Tatar, on fallen hardwood twigs, 9.V.2008, Ghobad-Nejhad 1098, 1110, 1121, and on fallen twig of Paliurus spina-christi Ghobad-Nejhad 1107.

 

Phlebia lindtneri (Pilát) Parmasto

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Phlebia rufa (Pers.) M.P. Christ.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Note—Nakasone & Systma (1993: 1004) believe that Ph. rufa is confined to Europe and North America, but still enumerated it from Iran.

 

Phlebia subochracea (Bres.) J. Erikss. & Ryvarden

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Phlebia tremellosa (Schrad.) Nakasone & Burds.

Merulius tremellosus Schrad.

Distribution—Gilan, Mazandaran.

[Saber (1987: 93, 2002b: 286)]

 

+ Phlebia tuberculata (Hallenb. & E. Larss.) Ghobad-Nejhad

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen trunks of Carpinus (MG 633), Fagus orientalis (MG 686) and indet. hardwood (MG 635), hardwood coarse woody debris (MG 795, 802, 804, 823); under fallen trunk (Probst P237).

[Ghobad-Nejhad & Hallenberg (2011b)]

 

Phlebia uda (Fr.) Nakasone

Mycoacia uda (Fr.) Donk

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Phlebiella fibrillosa (Hallenb.) K.H. Larss. & Hjortstam

Trechispora fibrillosa Hallenb.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Phlebiella sulphurea (Pers.) Ginns & Lefebvre

Trechispora vaga (Fr.) Liberta

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen log of Crataegus (NH 16087), fallen branch of Carpinus betulus (NH 16244).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 138)]

 

Phlebiella tulasnelloidea (Höhn. & Litsch.) Ginns & M.N.L. Lefebvre

Xenasmatella tulasnelloidea (Höhn. & Litsch.) Oberw. ex Jülich

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

+ Phlebiopsis gigantea (Fr.) Jülich

Distribution—Gilan.

Substrata—Dead log of Gleditsia caspica used in fences (MG 879), branch of Pinus (NH 16097).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 138)]

 

Phlebiopsis ravenelii (Cooke) Hjortstam

Phlebiopsis roumeguerei (Bres.) Jülich & Stalpers

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Coarse woody debris of Parrotia persica (MG 779), dead hardwood (MG 1319, 1343), fallen rotten hardwood trunk (MG 649), fallen trunk of Fagus orientalis (MG 845), fallen wood of Carpinus betulus (MG 703), fallen branch (NH 16175).

 

Phylloporia ribis (Schumach.) Ryvarden

Phellinus ribis (Schumach.) Quél.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Tehran.

[Soleimani (1974: 29), Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 213)]

 

Phylloporia spathulata (Hook.) Ryvarden

Coltricia spathulata (Hooker) Murrill

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Niemelä & Uotila (1977: 34)]

 

! Piptoporus betulinus (Bull.) P. Karst.

Ungulina betulina (Bull.) Pat.

Distribution—“Caspian forests”.

[Fallahyan (1973: 244), Soleimani (1976: 78)]

 

+ Plicatura nivea (Sommerf.) P. Karst.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

Substrata—Fallen branch (NH 16227).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 138)]

 

Polyporus arcularius (Batsch) Fr.

Polyporus anisoporus Delastre & Mont.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead stump of Fraxinus excelsior (MG 766, 767), dead branches and stump of Quercus (MG 133, 438), dead hardwood (MG 515, 916, 1104, 1123).

[Saber (2002b: 286)]

 

Polyporus badius (Pers.) Schwein.

P. picipes Fr.

Polyporellus picipes (Fr.) P. Karst.

Distribution—Gilan, Mazandaran.

[Saber (1987: 79), Borhani et al. (2010: 156)]

 

Polyporus squamosus (Huds.) Fr.

Distribution—Alborz, Kurdistan, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Hamadan, Kermanshah, Mazandaran, Tehran, West Azerbaijan.

Substrata—Collar of Platanus orientalis (MG 44), stump of Salix (MG 612) and hardwood (MG 608).

[Khabiri (1968: 137), Saber (2000a: 374, 2002b: 286), Saber & Mehravaran (2004: 465)]

 

+ Polyporus tuberaster (Jacq.) Fr.

P. lentus Berk.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Saber (1987: 81)]

 

+ Polyporus umbellatus (Pers.) Fr.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Saber (1987: 83)]

 

Polyporus varius (Pers.) Fr.

P. leptocephalus (Jacq.) Fr.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Borhani et al. (2010: 156)]

 

+ Porostereum crassum (Lév.) Hjortstam & Ryvarden

Distribution—Gilan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 138)]

 

Porostereum spadiceum (Pers.) Hjortstam & Ryvarden

Lopharia spadicea (Pers.) Boidin

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

Substrata—Bark of dead Malus tree (MG 761), fallen branch (NH 16173).

[Kotlaba (1986: 226), Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 138)]

 

Porotheleum fimbriatum (Pers.) Fr.

Stromatoscypha fimbriata (Pers.) Donk

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

+ Porpomyces mucidus (Pers.) Jülich

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan.

Substrata—Dead standing (MG 426) and fallen branches and twigs of Quercus macranthera (MG 409, 428, 441), dead standing branch of cf. Ulmus (MG 1019).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 156)]

 

Postia lactea (Fr.) P. Karst.

Tyromyces lacteus (Fr.) Murrill

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

+ Protomerulius caryae (Schwein.) Ryvarden

Distribution—Golestan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 157)]

 

Pycnoporus cinnabarinus (Jacq.) P. Karst.

Trametes cinnabarina (Jacq.) Fr.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood branches (MG 114).

 

Pyrofomes demidoffii (Lév.) Kotl. & Pouzar

Distribution—Ardabil, Golestan.

Substrata—Collar of living Juniperus excelsa (MG 1048, NH 16154), basidiocarp fallen on the ground (MG 1360).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 157)]

 

Radulomyces confluens (Fr.) M.P. Christ.

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen twig of Punica granatum (MG 1090) fallen twigs of Paliurus spina-christi (MG 1099), fallen indet. branch (NH 16063), branch of Populus (NH 16156).

[Ghobad-Nejhad & Kotiranta (2007: 109)]

 

Radulomyces molaris (Chaillet ex Fr.) M.P. Christ.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood branches and twigs (# 8 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad).

[Ghobad-Nejhad & Kotiranta (2007: 110)]

 

+ Radulomyces rickii (Bres.) M.P. Christ.

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan.

Substrata—Coarse woody debris of Elaeagnus (MG 1059, 1060).

[Ghobad-Nejhad & Kotiranta (2007: 104)]

 

! Ramaria abietina (Pers.) Quél.

Clavaria abietina Pers.

Distribution—‘forests of northern Iran’.

[Fallahyan (1973: 244)]

 

+ Ramaria aurea (Schaeff.) Quél.

Distribution—Gilan.

[Saber (1987: 70)]

 

+ Ramaria botrytis (Pers.) Ricken

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Borhani et al. (2010: 156)]

 

Ramaria botrytoides (Peck) Corner

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Bahram et al. (2008: 127)]

 

+ Ramaria flaccida (Fr.) Bourdot

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan.

[Saber (1987: 70, 2002a: 285)]

 

! Ramaria formosa (Pers.) Quél.

Clavaria formosa Pers.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Soleimani (1974: 19, 1976: 76)]

 

+ Ramaria stricta (Pers.) Quél.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Saber (1987: 72)]

 

Resupinatus poriaeformis (Pers.) Thorn, Moncalvo & Redhead

Stigmatolemma poriaeforme (Pers.) W.B. Cooke

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

Rhodonia placenta (Fr.) Niemelä, K.H. Larss. & Schigel

Tyromyces placenta (Fr.) Ryvarden

Distribution—Mazandaran.

Note—Hallenberg (1981) enumerated this species with a ‘cf.’ mark because the collection was made on hardwood. The species has however been found on hardwood also in France (Rivoire 2011).

 

+ Rigidoporus crocatus (Pat.) Ryvarden

R. nigrescens (Bres.) Donk

Distribution—Golestan.

[Saber (1987: 85), Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 157)]

 

Rigidoporus latemarginatus (Durieu & Mont.) Pouzar

Oxyporus latemarginatus (Durieu & Mont.) Donk

Poria latemarginata (Durieu & Mont.) Cooke

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

+ Rigidoporus obducens (Pers.) Pouzar

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

Substrata—Standing stump of Prunus armeniaca (MG 360), standing stump and root of Ulmus (MG 755).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 157)]

 

! Rigidoporus populinus (Schumach.) Pouzar

Oxyporus populinus (Schumach.) Donk

Distribution—“Caspian forests”.

[Soleimani (1976: 77)]

 

Rigidoporus ulmarius (Sowerby) Imazeki

Fomitopsis cytisina (Berk.) Bondartsev & Singer

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Bark and collar of living Acer (MG 687, 692, 697), indet. wood (MG 667, 668), on Quercus (MG 695), collar of indet. tree (MG 699).

 

Saccoblastia sphaerospora Möller

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

Schizophyllum commune Fr.

Distribution—Alborz, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Hormozgan, Khuzestan, Mazandaran, Tehran.

Substrata—Bark of living cultivated Ailanthus altissima (MG 46), cut trunk of Juglans regia (MG 33), higher branches of living cultivated Albizia lebbeck (MG 619), stump of cf. Carpinus betulus (MG 118), indet. wood (MG 869).

[Buhse (1860: 244), Cooke (1961: 580), Saber (1987: 96, 2000a: 374), Asef & Tavanaii (2004: 473), Borhani et al. (2010: 156)]

 

Scopuloides hydnoides (Cooke & Massee) Hjortstam & Ryvarden

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen branch (NH 16026).

[Saber (1987: 93)]

 

+ Scytinostroma aluta Lanq.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

Substrata—Dead, still attached branches of Cornus mas (MG 1197) and Punica granatum (MG 1096).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 281)]

 

Scytinostroma galactinum (Fr.) Donk

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

Scytinostroma odoratum (Fr.) Donk

Distribution—Gilan.

 

+ Scytinostroma portentosum (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Donk

Distribution—Golestan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 139)]

 

Sebacina grisea Bres.

Exidiopsis grisea (Bres.) Bourdot & Maire

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Sebacina incrustans (Pers.) Tul. & C. Tul.

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Sistotrema brinkmannii (Bres.) J. Erikss.

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood branches, twigs and coarse woody debris (# 10 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad) and decayed wood (NH 16013), fallen branch of cf. Pinus (MG 931) and Pterocarya fraxinifolia (NH 16047).

 

Sistotrema camshadalicum Parmasto

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Sistotrema coroniferum (Höhn. & Litsch.) Donk

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

Sistotrema diademiferum (Bourdot & Galzin) Donk

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan.

Substrata—Fallen, corticated angiosperm wood (MG 964).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 139)]

 

Sistotrema oblongisporum M.P. Christ. & Hauerslev

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan.

Substrata—Dead branches of Cornus mas (MG 470, 476), fallen hardwood branch (MG 835, 1304A).

 

Sistotrema octosporum (J. Schröt. ex Höhn. & Litsch.) Hallenb.

S. commune J. Erikss.

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Sistotrema raduloides (P. Karst.) Donk

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Sistotrema resinicystidium Hallenb.

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Sistotrema suballantosporum Hallenb.

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Sistotremastrum niveocremeum (Höhn. & Litsch.) J. Erikss.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead angiosperm wood (MG 805, 953, 962, 1000, 1166).

 

Skeletocutis nivea (Jungh.) Jean Keller

Incrustoporia nivea (Jungh.) Ryvarden

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen branches and twigs of Carpinus betulus (MG 416, 446), fallen hardwood branch (# 7 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 158)]

 

Spongipellis fissilis (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Murrill

Aurantiporus fissilis (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) H. Jahn ex Ryvarden

Distribution—Golestan.

[Hallenberg (1981: 492)]

 

+ Spongipellis pachyodon (Pers.) Kotl. & Pouzar

Distribution—Golestan.

[Asef (2006: 158)]

 

+ Steccherinum bourdotii Saliba & A. David

Distribution—Gilan.

Substrata—Coarse woody debris and fallen hardwood branches and twigs (# 6 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 139)]

 

Steccherinum fimbriatum (Pers.) J. Erikss.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen branches and twigs of Quercus (MG 410, 500, 506).

[Saber (1987: 94)]

 

+ Steccherinum gilvum Maas Geest.

Distribution—Golestan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 140)]

 

+ Steccherinum murashkinskyi (Burt) Maas Geest.

Distribution—Gilan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 140)]

 

Steccherinum ochraceum (Pers.) S.F. Gray

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen branches and twigs of different hardwood tree species (# 20 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad).

[Saber (1987: 94), Borhani et al. (2010: 156)]

 

Steccherinum robustius (J. Erikss. & S. Lundell) J. Erikss.

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Stereum gausapatum (Fr.) Fr.

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead standing hardwood stump (MG 400), branch of Quercus (NH 16117), fallen branch (NH 16143).

[Saber (1987: 94), Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 140)]

 

Stereum hirsutum (Willd.) Pers.

S. versicolor (Sw.) Fr.?

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Fars, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran, West Azerbaijan.

Substrata—Dead branches and stump of Quercus spp. and hardwood trees (# 7 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad), trunk, branches and roots of Carpinus betulus (# 11 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad).

[Esfandiari (1951: 4), Boubals & Nazemille (1966), Asef & Tavanaii (2004: 473), Borhani et al. (2010: 156)]

 

Stereum ochraceoflavum (Schwein.) Sacc.

S. rameale (Berk.) Massee

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Stereum ostrea (Blume & T. Nees) Fr.

S. insignitum Quél.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen hardwood trunks and logs (MG 638, 882, 2016).

[Kotlaba (1985: 8), Saber (1987: 94, 2000a: 374, 2002b: 285)]

 

+ Stereum rugosum Pers.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Watling & Sweeney (1974: 337)]

 

+ Stereum sanguinolentum (Alb. & Schwein.) Fr.

Distribution—Gilan.

Substrata—Branch of Pinus (NH 16095).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 141)]

 

Stereum subtomentosum Pouzar

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen branch of Quercus macranthera (MG 1151, 1162), dead, still standing Carpinus betulus tree (MG 2118, 2119).

[Borhani et al. (2010: 157)]

 

Stypella dubia (Bourdot & Galzin) P. Roberts

Heterochaetella dubia (Bourdot & Galzin) Bourdot & Galzin

Distribution—Golestan.

Substrata—Fallen branch (NH 16077).

 

Stypella grilletii (Boud.) P. Roberts

Myxarium podlachicum (Bres.) Raitv.

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

* Subulicystidium brachysporum (P.H.B. Talbot & V.C. Green) Jülich

Iran: Gilan Prov., 32 km to Rasht from Rudbar, 5 km to Imamzadeh Hashem, on coarse woody debris of deciduous tree, 29.IV.2008, Ghobad-Nejhad 787.

 

Subulicystidium longisporum (Pat.) Parmasto

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Hardwood coarse woody debris (MG 346, 910), fallen branch (NH 16180).

 

+ Subulicystidium perlongisporum Boidin & Gilles

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 141)]

 

Terana caerulea (Lam.) Kuntze

Pulcherricium caeruleum (Lam.) Parmasto

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan.

Substrata—Attached branch and twig of Acer (MG 632, 1137), fallen branch of Carpinus betulus (MG 1213) and hardwood (MG 1211).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 289)]

 

Thanatephorus fusisporus (J. Schröt.) Hauerslev & P. Roberts

Uthatobasidium fusisporum (J. Schröt.) Donk

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan.

Substrata—Dead root of deciduous tree (MG 501).

 

+ Thelephora anthocephala (Bull.) Fr.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Soleimani (1974: 31)]

 

+ Thelephora palmata (Scop.) Fr.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Saber (2002b: 286)]

 

Tomentella bryophila (Pers.) M.J. Larsen

Distribution—Golestan.

Substrata—Branch of Juniperus communis (MG 378).

 

* Tomentella cinereoumbrina (Bres.) Stalpers

Iran: East Azerbaijan Prov., W Kaleibar, 15 km from Asheqloo, Vaighan, alt. 1350 m, on dead standing branch of Carpinus betulus, 2.X.2006, Ghobad-Nejhad 396.

 

* Tomentella coerulea (Bres.) Höhn. & Litsch.

Iran: East Azerbaijan Prov., W Kaleibar, 15 km from Asheqloo, Vaighan, alt. 1350 m, on dead standing stump of Carpinus betulus, 2.X.2006, Ghobad-Nejhad 399.

 

Tomentella crinalis (Fr.) M.J. Larsen

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

Tomentella ferruginea (Pers.) Pat.

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Tomentella ferruginella Bourdot & Galzin

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Tomentella neobourdotii M.J. Larsen

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Tomentella ochracea (Sacc.) M.J. Larsen

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

Tomentellastrum floridanum (Ellis & Everh.) M.J. Larsen

Distribution—Golestan.

 

* Tomentellastrum fuscocinereum (Pers.) Svrcek

Iran: East Azerbaijan Prov., W Kaleibar, 15 km from Asheqloo, Vaighan, alt. 1350 m, on fallen twig of Juniperus communis, 2.X.2006, Ghobad-Nejhad 379.

 

+ Tomophagus colossus (Fr.) Murrill

Ganoderma colossus (Fr.) C.F. Baker

Distribution—Hormozgan, Khuzestan.

[Saber & Minassian (2000: 379)]

 

Trametes gibbosa (Pers.) Fr.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran, Tehran.

Substrata—Hardwood coarse woody debris (MG 792); fallen trunk of Alnus glutinosa (MG 31), Acer (MG 681), and Fagus orientalis (MG 694); dead standing hardwood tree (MG 676); stump of Alnus subcordata (Probst P156).

[Khabiri (1968: 138), Saber (1987: 87, 2002b: 286), Borhani et al. (2010: 157)]

 

Trametes hirsuta (Wulfen) Pilát

Coriolus hirsutus (Wulfen) Quél.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead wood of different hardwood species (# 9 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad).

[Saber (1987: 87, 2000a: 374), Asef & Tavanaii (2004: 473), Borhani et al. (2010: 157)]

 

Trametes ljubarskii Pilát

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Trametes ochracea (Pers.) Gilb. & Ryvarden

Polyporus zonatus  (Nees) Fr.

Trametes zonatella Ryvarden

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Buhse (1860: 245), Saber (1987: 88), Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 159)]

 

Trametes pubescens (Schumach.) Pilát

Coriolus pubescens (Schumach.) Quél.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead stump of Juglans regia (MG 1244); fallen hardwood branches (MG 131).

[Khabiri (1968: 136), Saber (1987: 87, 2000a: 374)]

 

Trametes suaveolens (L.) Fr.

Distribution—Golestan.

 

+ Trametes velutina (Pers.) G. Cunn.

Coriolus velutinus (Pers.) Quél.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Khabiri (1968: 136)]

 

Trametes versicolor (L.) Lloyd

Coriolus versicolor (L.) Quél.

Polyporus versicolor (L.) Fr.

Distribution—Alborz, Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead wood of different angiosperm tree species (# 20 coll. Ghobad-Nejhad), fallen twig of Fagus orientalis (Probst P160).

[Buhse (1860: 245), Khabiri (1968: 136), Saber (2000a: 374, 2002b: 286), Saber & Esmaeili Taheri (2004: 464), Asef & Tavanaii (2004: 473), Borhani et al. (2010: 157)]

 

Trametopsis cervina (Schwein.) Tomšovský

Trametes cervina (Schwein.) Bres.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 159)]

 

Trechispora alnicola (Bourdot & Galzin) Liberta

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Trechispora confinis (Bourdot & Galzin) Liberta

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 141)]

 

Trechispora dimitica Hallenb.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 141)]

 

Trechispora farinacea (Pers.) Liberta

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

Trechispora granulifera Hallenb.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan.

 

Trechispora microspora (P. Karst.) Liberta

Distribution—Golestan.

[Larsson 1996: 79]

 

Trechispora mollusca (Pers.) Liberta

Distribution—Golestan.

 

+ Trechispora nivea (Pers.) K.H. Larss.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Dead wood of Diospyros lotus (MG 629), fallen hardwood branch (MG 440).

[Larsson (1995: 110), Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 142)]

 

Trechispora praefocata (Bourdot & Galzin) Liberta

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

+ Trechispora stevensonii (Berk. & Broome) K.H. Larss.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Larsson (1995: 115)]

 

Tremella mesenterica Retz.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Bark of fallen log of Carpinus betulus (MG 413B).

[Soleimani (1974: 35), Saber (2000a: 374), Borhani et al. (2010: 157)]

 

+ Tremella ramalinae Diederich

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

[Sohrabi & Alstrup (2007: 9)]

 

+ Tremella reticulata (Berk.) Farl.

Distribution—‘northern Iran’.

[Saber (1997: 74)]

 

+ Tremiscus helvelloides (DC.) Donk

Distribution—‘Iran’.

[Saber (1997: 74)]

 

Trichaptum biforme (Fr.) Ryvarden

Hirschioporus pargamenus (Fr.) Bondartsev & Singer

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen trunk of Diospyros lotus (MG 981) and Fagus orientalis (MG 847); On hardwood coarse woody debris (MG 793, 976).

[Asef & Tavanaii (2004: 473), Borhani et al. (2010: 157)]

 

+ Tubulicrinis cinctus G. Cunn.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 282)]

 

Tubulicrinis incrassatus Hallenb.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan.

Substrata—Dead hardwood branches (MG 651, 1301, 1309A).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 289; 2009: 142)]

 

Tubulicrinis thermometrus (G. Cunn.) M.P. Christ.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

 

Tulasnella allantospora Wakef. & A. Pearson

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Tulasnella eichleriana Bres.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen log (NH 16009), fallen branch (NH 16170).

 

Tulasnella violea (Quél.) Bourdot & Galzin

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

 

+ Typhula idahoensis Remsberg

Distribution—Fars.

[Saber & Esmaeili Taheri (2004: 464)]

Note—The identity of the specimen associated with this report was questioned by Hoshino et al. (2007).

 

+ Typhula incarnata Lasch ex Fr.

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan.

[Hoshino et al. (2007: 38)]

 

+ Typhula phacorrhiza (Reichard) Fr.

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

[Hoshino et al. (2007: 39)]

 

+ Typhula ramealis Schwein.

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran, Tehran.

[Saber (1987: 100, 2000a: 374)]

 

! Tyromyces alborubescens (Bourdot & Galzin) Bondartsev

Phaeolus alborubescens Bourdot & Galzin

Distribution—“Caspian forests”.

Note—The combination Aurantiporus alborubescens (Bourdot & Galzin) H. Jahn made by Jahn (1973) is invalid; see also Mycobank.

 

Tyromyces chioneus (Fr.) P. Karst.

Distribution—Mazandaran.

[Borhani et al. (2010: 157)]

 

+ Vararia investiens (Schw.) P. Karst.

Distribution—Ardabil.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 142)]

 

Vararia ochroleuca (Bourdot & Galzin) Donk

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Vuilleminia comedens (Nees) Maire

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Fallen branch of Acer monspessulanum (MG 310), Quercus macranthera (MG 1149) and hardwood (MG 389, 439, 517); dead hanging log and branch of Carpinus betulus (MG 425, 1158); branch of living Quercus macranthera (MG 1126); fallen twig of Alnus glutinosa (MG 1132).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2010: 1534)]

 

+ Vuilleminia coryli Boidin, Lanq. & Gilles

Distribution—East Azerbaijan.

Substrata—Fallen branch of Quercus (MG 334); fallen log of Malus (MG 1241) and Prunus armeniaca (MG 1142); dead hardwood twig (MG 1245A).

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 285), Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2010: 1534)]

 

Vuilleminia cystidiata Parmasto

Distribution—Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Golestan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2009: 143, 2010: 1534)]

 

Vuilleminia megalospora Bres.

Distribution—Golestan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2010: 1534)]

 

Xenasma pruinosum (Pat.) Donk

Distribution—East Azerbaijan, Golestan.

[Ghobad-Nejhad et al. (2008: 290)]

 

Xenasma pulverulentum (Litsch.) Donk

Distribution—Golestan.

 

Xylobolus frustulatus (Pers.) Boidin

Distribution—Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Substrata—Branch of Quercus (NH 16116).

 

Xylobolus subpileatus (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Boidin

Stereum subpileatum Berk. & M.A. Curtis

Distribution—Golestan, Mazandaran.

[Kotlaba (1985: 199), Saber (2000a: 374 as “Xylopilus”)]

Doubtful records

 

Inonotus rickii (Pat.) D.A. Reid – Saber & Minassian (1998: 288), Saber (2002b: 286) – See discussion by Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2008: 474).

Oligoporus tephroleucus (Fr.) Gilb. & Ryvarden – Saber (2002b: 285) – Specimen poor and infected, can not be approved.

Perenniporia tenuis (Schwein.) Ryvarden – Hallenberg (1981: 494, marked as cf.) – Identity not verified.

Phellinus ferrugineovelutinus (Henn.) Ryvarden –Saber (2000b: 377) – See discussion by Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 215).

Phellinus rimosus (Berk.) Pilát – Saber (2000b: 377) – See discussion by Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 215).

Schizopora trichiliae (Van der Byl) Ryvarden – Hallenberg (1981: 495, marked as cf.) – No material was found in GB herbarium.

Excluded taxa

 

Inonotus hastifer Pouzar – Saber (2002b: 286) – See discussion by Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2008: 474).

Inonotus radiatus (Sowerby) P. Karst. – Saber (2002b: 286) – See discussion by Ghobad-Nejhad & Kotiranta (2008: 474).

Mycoaciella bispora (Stalpers) J. Erikss.& Ryvarden – Hallenberg (1981: 486) – According to Nakasone (2002: 478) all the four collection cited there belong to Phlebia badia.

Phellinus chrysoloma (Fr.) Donk – Saber (2002b: 285) – See discussion by Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 215).

Phellinus johnsonianus (Murrill) Ryvarden – Hallenberg (1981: 498) – See discussion by Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 215).

Phellinus laevigatus (Fr.) Bourdot & Galzin – Saber (2000b: 377) – See discussion by Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 215).

Phellinus merrillii (Murrill) Ryvarden – Saber (2000b: 377) – See discussion by Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 215).

Phellinus tremulae (Bondartsev) Bondartsev & P.N. Borisov– Saber (2000b: 377) – See discussion by Ghobad-Nejhad & Dai (2007: 215).

Phlebia albomellea (Bondartsev) Nakasone – Nakasone (1996: 766) – According to Kotlaba (2011: 37), report from Iran is a mistake.

Phlebia livida (Pers.) Bres. – Hallenberg (1981: 487) – All Iranian collections under this name represent Ph. tuberculata (see Ghobad-Nejhad & Hallenberg 2011).

Polyporus brumalis (Pers.) Fr. – Saber (2000a: 374) – The specimen represents P. arcularius.

Trichaptum abietinum (Dicks.) Ryvarden – Soleimani (1976: 77 as Hirschioporus abietinus (Pers.) Donk)), Asef & Tavanaii (2004: 473), Saber (2002b: 285) – Niemelä & Uotila (1977) assigned the report by Soleimani (1976) to a misidentification. Report by Asef & Tavanaii (2004) represents Cerrena unicolor. Specimen in the report by Saber (2002b) represents Trametes ochracea.

Remarks

 

Altogether, 389 species comprising 180 corticioid, 116 poroid (polypre), 16 hydnoid, 19 clavarioid, 5 cantharelloid, 14 thelephoroid, 4 cyphelloid, and 35 heterobasidiomycete species is known to occur in Iran (Table 1). Among these, 16 species are reported for the first time from the country, and 111 species are added to the last comprehensive treatment of these fungi in North Iran by Hallenberg (1981). The occurrence in Iran of six species is regarded as doubtful, while 12 species are excluded from Iranian mycota.

Remarks

 

Altogether, 389 species comprising 180 corticioid, 116 poroid (polypre), 16 hydnoid, 19 clavarioid, 5 cantharelloid, 14 thelephoroid, 4 cyphelloid, and 35 heterobasidiomycete species is known to occur in Iran (Table 1). Among these, 16 species are reported for the first time from the country, and 111 species are added to the last comprehensive treatment of these fungi in North Iran by Hallenberg (1981). The occurrence in Iran of six species is regarded as doubtful, while 12 species are excluded from Iranian mycota.

 

 

 

Table 1. Number of species for each aphyllophoroid form-group. (Note: some species fit more than one group)

Corticioid

Poroid

Hydnoid

Clavarioid

Cantharelloid

Thelephoroid

Cyphell-oid

Heterobas-idiomycete

180

116

15

19

5

14

4

35

 

 

 

Table 2. Number of aphyllophoroid species known for each province in Iran.

Province

No.

Province

No.

Province

No.

Alborz

11

Isfahan

3

Qom

0

Ardabil

27

Kerman

1

Razavi Khorasan

1

Bushehr

0

Kermanshah

4

Semnan

0

Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari

2

Khuzestan

14

Sistan and Baluchistan

1

East Azerbaijan

123

Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad

2

South Khorasan

0

Fars

11

Kurdistan

1

Tehran

14

Gilan

151

Lorestan

1

West Azerbaijan

4

Golestan

229

Markazi

0

Yazd

0

Hamadan

2

Mazandaran

181

Zanjan

0

Hormozgan

4

North Khorasan

0

 

 

Ilam

0

Qazvin

1

 

 

 

 

Table 3. Number of aphyllophoroid species known for three main phytogeographical divisions in Iran.

Phytochoria

No. species

Hyrcanian (old growth forests, woodlands, mountain steppes)

375

Irano-Turanian (open woodlands, xerophytic vegetation, steppes)

23

Saharo-Sindian (pseudo-savanna, mangrove)

15

 

 

As indicated in Table 2, the majority of species are reported from Golestan (229 spp.), Mazandaran (181 spp.), Gilan (151 spp.), and East Azerbaijan (123 spp.). These account for the Hyrcanian forests of northern Iran, at the southernmost stretches of the Caucasus region. The number of aphyllophoroids known for each Province in Iran is presented in Table 2, and the number of species for major Iranian phytogeographical territories (after Zohari 1973, White & Léonard 1991) is displayed in Table 3. It is clear that the number of species for Irano-Turanian region will increase when more inventories in its western part, esp. in Zagros forests, are carried out. The independent list for each Province and each phytochoria will be extractable from the Myco-Lich website, via the link page to this checklist (see citation).

Acknowledgements

 

Curators and staff of the herbaria BR, GB, H, IRAN are warmly thanked. The helpful comments made by Elia Martini (Bignasco, Vallemaggia), María Teresa Tellería (Madrid), and Peter Roberts (Kew) on earlier draft of the manuscript are highly appreciated. We thank Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection for faciliating the two-week field work in Iran in 2008, Mohammad Sohrabi (Helsinki) for helps during several field works in Iran, Urmas Kõljalg (Tartu) for comments on some Tomentella specimens, and Mohmmad Reza Asef (Tehran) for providing some Iranian literature references.

 

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